Ansel Adams Death

Famous photographers Ansel Adams, whose majestic black- and-white landscapes of the yankee West and whose devotion to clarity and precision created him in all probability the best- known photographer within the us, died of heart disease Sunday night at Community Hospital of the Monterey Peninsula, close to his home in Carmel, Calif. He was eighty two years previous.

In a career that spanned over fifty years, Mr. Adams combined a passion for natural landscape, meticulous craftsmanship as a printmaker and a missionary's zeal for his medium to become the foremost widely exhibited and recognized photographer of his generation.

His pictures are revealed in additional than thirty five books and portfolios, and that they are seen in many exhibitions, as well as a one-man show, ''Ansel Adams and also the West,'' at the Museum of contemporary Art in ny in 1979. that very same year he was the topic of a canopy story in Time magazine, and in 1980 he received the Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor.

In addition to being acclaimed for his dramatic landscapes of the yankee West, he was held in esteem for his contributions to photographic technology and to the popularity of photography as an art kind.

Trained as a Pianist

Though trained as a concert pianist, Mr. Adams determined in 1930 that his true vocation was photography. 2 years later, he was accomplished enough to be given a one-man show at the M. H. de Young Museum in San Francisco, and also the same year he joined Edward Weston and Imogen Cunningham in forming the short-lived ''Group f/64.''

In the words of Mr. Adams's friend Wallace Stegner, the founding of this cluster was a benchmark within the institution of photography as a definite and bonafide art kind that might be ''not a substitute brush, however how of seeing.''

From that time onward, Mr. Adams rapidly became famous not solely as a photographer however additionally as critic, teacher, publisher of portfolios, co-founder of the department of photography at the Museum of contemporary Art, longtime consultant to the Polaroid Corporation and spokesman for a heroic and however plainspoken approach to photography.

Book Consecrated name

The publication by the ny Graphic Society within the 1970's of his book ''Ansel Adams: pictures 1923-1974'' consecrated his name as a photographer whose work appealed to the widest attainable public for its evocation of an yankee scene that was still while not blemish.

Ansel Adams was born in San Francisco on Feb. 20, 1902, of recent England descent. successive year, his oldsters moved to a house overlooking the Golden Gate, where he fashioned his lifelong style for a spectacular natural scene.

In 1916, whereas on a visit to the Yosemite Valley, he created his 1st pictures with a box Brownie. Yosemite had thus fired his imagination that for four summers running he took employment as caretaker for a lodge owned by the Sierra Club, of that he was later to be a director for thirty seven years.

Acquired a Patron

In 1927, whereas earning his living as knowledgeable musician, Mr. Adams acquired a patron in San Francisco by the name of Albert Bender. Mr. Bender took him to Taos, N.M., where, throughout visits over successive few years, he created friends with Robinson Jeffers, John Marin and Georgia O'Keeffe. As his biographer, Nancy Newhall, said later, ''Taos was his Paris and his Rome.'' His 1st book, ''Taos Pueblo,'' with a text by Mary Austin, came out in 1930.

Precision and sharp focus were elementary to sensible photography, as Mr. Adams saw it, and as a born teacher he neglected no chance to create his views felt. He wrote for the Sierra Club Bulletin, he revealed a series of books on the fundamentals of photography, he ran workshops and seminars within the Yosemite Valley, he taught and lectured at the Museum of contemporary Art and schools all along the Pacific Coast, and he revealed his work in portfolio kind.

As his name grew, he was inspired to travel throughout the us so as to bring his characteristic clarity and his sense of unforced grandeur to studies of national parks and far off of each kind.

In the 1930's he created extended visits along with his fellow photographer Mr. Weston to the High Sierra, and with O'Keeffe and David McAlpin to the Southwest. In 1933, he met Alfred Stieglitz, and in 1936 Stieglitz gave Mr. Adams a one-man show at his ny town gallery, ''An yankee Place.'' This was the primary one-man show of photography that Stieglitz had placed on since Paul Strand was equally honored 20 years earlier.

Directed a Pageant

In 1940, Mr. Adams directed ''A Pageant of Photography'' as a part of the Golden Gate Exposition in San Francisco, and took half with Mr. Weston and Dorothea Lange during a photographic forum organized by U. S. Camera within the Yosemite Valley. additionally in 1940, he helped Beaumont Newhall and Mr. McAlpin to found the department of photography at the Museum of contemporary Art.

At the outbreak of World War II, he became a consultant to the Armed Services. But, ever-sensitive to the plight of minority teams, he revealed in 1944 ''Born Free and Equal,'' a photographic survey of a California camp within which Japanese-Americans were interned at the outbreak of war with Japan.

After the war, Mr. Adams thrice received Guggenheim Fellowships, that enabled him to record national parks and monuments in Alaska, Hawaii and elsewhere. In several writings within the postwar amount, he stressed the importance of vision, as distinct from gadgetry. ''A image,'' he liked to mention, ''is solely a group of brightnesses,'' and, he would add, ''There is nothing worse than an excellent image of a fuzzy concept.''

Fellow of yankee Academy

Films concerning Mr. Adams and his work were directed by David Myers in 1957 and by Robert Katz in 1959. In 1963, Mrs. Newhall revealed a study of him referred to as ''The Eloquent lightweight,'' when the show of that name that Mr. Adams had simply had at the de Young Museum in San Francisco. In 1967 he and Mrs. Newhall revealed a book referred to as ''Fiat Lux,'' to mark the centenary of the University of California, and in 1974 he was honored by a retrospective exhibition at the Metropolitan Museum in ny.

In 1966, Mr. Adams was created a Fellow of the yankee Academy of Arts and Sciences, and in 1970 he was created a Chubb Fellow at Yale University. He received honorary doctorates from Occidental faculty, the University of Massachusetts and Yale University.

In 1928, Mr. Adams married Virginia Best. when a few years in Yosemite, the Adamses moved in 1962 to Carmel.

He is survived by his wife; 2 youngsters, Dr. Michael Adams of Fresno, Calif., and Anne Adams Helms of Redwood town, Calif., and 5 grandchildren. Funeral services are going to be non-public.